Protestantism timeline

  • The Siege of Turin

    The 1640 siege of Turin was a major action in two distinct wars: the Franco-Spanish War (1635) and the Piedmontese Civil War. Thomas of Savoy and... Read more

  • Battle of Honnecourt

    In spring 1642, cardinal Richelieu concentrated his forces to besiege the city of Perpignan in the province of Roussillon, leaving the rest of his... Read more

  • Second Battle of Breitenfeld

    The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig (October 23, 1642), took place at Breitenfeld (4 miles north-east of... Read more

  • Battle of Rocroi

    The Battle of Rocroi was fought on 19 May 1643, late in the Thirty Years' War. It resulted in a decisive victory of the French army under the Duc... Read more

  • Battle of Tuttlingen

    The Battle of Tuttlingen was fought in Tuttlingen on November 24, 1643. Those involved in the conflict were the French forces led by Marshal Josias... Read more

  • Battle of Colberger Heide

    The naval Battle of Colberger Heide (or Colberg Heath) took place on 1 July 1644 during the Danish-Swedish War (part of the Thirty Years War), off... Read more

  • Battle of Freiburg

    The Battle of Freiburg, also called the Three Day Battle, took place on August 3, August 5 and August 9, 1644 as part of the Thirty Years' War. The... Read more

  • Naval Battle of Fehmarn

    This took place on 13 October 1644 north-west of the island of Fehmarn, now part of Germany, in the Baltic Sea. A combined Swedish-Dutch fleet... Read more

  • Battle of Jüterbog

    Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson had unexpectedly marched into Jutland in September 1643. While engaged in operations there, an Imperial army under... Read more

  • Battle of Jankau

    The Battle of Jankau or Jankov, one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 24 February 1645 in southern Bohemia, some 50 km... Read more

  • Battle of Mergentheim

    The Battle of Herbsthausen, or the Battle of Mergentheim, was fought on May 2, 1645.The battle was between French forces led by Marshal Turenne and... Read more

  • Second Battle of Nördlingen

    The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim. France... Read more

  • Battle of Zusmarshausen

    The Battle of Zusmarshausen was fought on May 7, 1648 between the Holy Roman Empire and Sweden and France (led by Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne,... Read more

  • The Peace of Westphalia is Achieved through the Treaties of Osnabrück and Münster

    The term Peace of Westphalia refers to the two peace treaties of Osnabrück and Münster, signed on May 15 and October 24, 1648, respectively, and... Read more

  • Battle of Prague

    Prior to invading Bavaria, Wrangel had dispatched a small column under Königsmarck to invade Bohemia once more. Passing through the Upper... Read more

  • Second Battle of the Dunes

    The Battle of the Dunes, fought on 14 June (Gregorian calendar), 1658, is also known as the Battle of Dunkirk. It was a victory of the French army,... Read more