Natural Disasters timeline

  • St. Louis-East St. Louis Tornado of 1896

    This tornado, which was to be one of the deadliest in US history, touched down about 6 miles west of the Eads Bridge in St. Louis. From the... Read more

  • Meiji-Sanriku Earthquake

    Twenty-seven thousand people died in a huge tsunami that swept over the seaport of Kamaishi, Japan, on June 15, 1896. A local earthquake cause mild... Read more

  • Tacoma Trolley Disaster

    Nearly a hundred people, passengers on a car bound for this city, were plunged into a gulch at Twenty-sixth and C Streets shortly after 8 o'clock... Read more

  • Galveston Hurricane of 1900

    The Hurricane of 1900 made landfall on the city of Galveston in the U.S. state of Texas, on September 8, 1900. It had estimated winds of 135 miles... Read more

  • Eruption of Mount Pellée

    Mount Pelée in Martinique, West Indies, and Lassen Peak and Mono domes in California are examples of lava domes. An extremely destructive eruption... Read more

  • Kangra Earthquake of 1905

    1905 Kangra earthquake was a major earthquake that occurred in the Kangra Valley and the Kangra region of Himachal Pradesh in India on 4 April... Read more

  • The Kingston Earthquake of 1907

    In 1907, 800 people died in another earthquake known as the 1907 Kingston earthquake, destroying nearly all the historical buildings south of... Read more

  • Tunguska Event

    It is generally accepted that the Tunguska event resulted from the catastrophic disruption of a large meteor high above the ground. Previous... Read more

  • Messina Earthquake of 1908

    On the early morning of December 28, 1908, the Italian city of Messina awoke to the deadliest earthquake in European history. Striking just days... Read more

  • Wellington Avalanche

    The Cascade Tunnel, completed in 1900, bypassed the switchbacks. Several snowsheds were also added for safety, but winter conditions still... Read more

  • Great Lakes Storm of 1913

    Anyone living in the Great Lakes Region for an extended period of time can become all too familiar with the incredible storms, or low pressure... Read more

  • Galveston Hurricane of 1915

    The 1915 Galveston Hurricane was a deadly hurricane that struck Leeward Islands, Hispanola, Cuba and Texas, in mid August of the 1915 Atlantic... Read more

  • Mattoon Tornado of 1917

    The funnel of the tornado on May 26, 1917 first appeared at noon just west of a small town southeast of Quincy (Wilson and Changnon, 1971). It... Read more

  • Flu Pandemic of 1918

    In the fall of 1918 the Great War in Europe was winding down and peace was on the horizon. The Americans had joined in the fight, bringing the... Read more

  • Eruption of Mt. Kelud

    The volcano sits on the island of Java, about 385 miles east of the capital of Jakarta. It last erupted in 1990, killing dozens. In 1919, an... Read more

  • Nassau Hurricane of 1926

    The 1926 storm was described by the U.S. Weather Bureau in Miami as "probably the most destructive hurricane ever to strike the United States." It... Read more

  • John B. King Drill Scow is Struck by Lightning

    Thirty members of the drill scow JOHN B. KING of St. Catharines were either instantly killed or blow to death by drowning when a lightning bolt... Read more

  • Hawke's Bay Earthquake

    The 7.9 earthquake struck at 10.46 on the morning of February 3, 1931, the first day of the school year, a beautiful summer’s day. It was felt as... Read more

  • China Flood of 1931

    On this day in 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next... Read more

  • Diexi Earthquake of 1933

    The 1933 Diexi earthquake occurred in Diexi, Mao County, Sichuan, Republic of China on August 25, 1933. This earthquake destroyed the town of... Read more

  • Huge Dust Storm from the Great Plains Sweeps across Eastern States

    May 11, 1934 saw the culmination of a two day dust storm which removed massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil and reached cities as far away as... Read more

  • Balochistan Earthquake of 1935

    The town of Quetta saw most of the fatalities, and this earthquake has since been known as the Quetta Earthquake. The civil lines was completely... Read more

  • Labor Day Hurricane of 1935

    On September 1, 1935, storm warnings were posted for all of south Florida, including the Keys. This was on Sunday, the day before Labor Day.... Read more

  • North American Heat Wave of 1936

    The "Dust Bowl" years of 1930-36 brought some of the hottest summers on record to the United States, especially across the Plains, Upper Midwest... Read more

  • Los Angeles Flood of 1938

    The 1938 flood event resulted in the deaths of 115 people. It destroyed 5,601 homes and damaged 1,500 homes making them uninhabitable. For many... Read more