Germany timeline

  • St. Lucia's Flood

    St. Lucia's flood (Sint-Luciavloed) was a storm tide that affected the Netherlands and Northern Germany on December 14, 1287 (the day after St.... Read more

  • Johannes Gutenburg Begins Operation of First Mechanical Printing Press

    Around 1439, Gutenberg was involved in a financial misadventure making polished metal mirrors (which were believed to capture holy light from... Read more

  • First Copies of the Gutenberg Bible

    The Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible, the Mazarin Bible or the B42) was one of the first books printed in Europe. It is an edition... Read more

  • Battle of Wimpfen

    The Battle of Wimpfen was a battle in the Bohemian Revolt period of the Thirty Years' War on May 6, 1622 near Wimpfen. The forces of the Holy Roman... Read more

  • Battle of Höchst

    The Battle of Höchst was fought on June 20, 1622, between the combined army led by Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, and Gonzalo Fernández de... Read more

  • Battle of Stadtlohn

    The Battle of Stadtlohn was fought on August 6, 1623 between Roman Catholic and Protestant forces during the Thirty Years' War. The Catholics were... Read more

  • Battle of Lutter am Berenberge

    The Battle of Lutter (Lutter am Barenberge) took place during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August 1626, between the forces of the Protestant... Read more

  • Battle of Stralsund

    The Battle of Stralsund was a battle of the Thirty Years' War, fought starting July 5, 1628, between the Holy Roman Empire and an alliance of the... Read more

  • Battle of Wolgast

    Christian IV of Denmark, encouraged by his successes at Stralsund, assembled another army off the German coast on the Island of Usedom. This landed... Read more

  • Sack of Magdeburg

    The Sack of Magdeburg (German: Magdeburgs Opfergang or German: Magdeburger Hochzeit) refers to the siege and subsequent plundering of Magdeburg by... Read more

  • Battle of Werben

    The Battle of Werben was a battle of the Thirty Years' War, fought on July 22, 1631, between the Swedish Empire and the Holy Roman Empire. The... Read more

  • Battle of Breitenfeld

    The Battle of Breitenfeld (German: Schlacht bei Breitenfeld; Swedish: Slaget vid Breitenfeld) or First Battle of Breitenfeld (sometimes First... Read more

  • The Siege of Nürnberg

    The Siege of Nuremberg or Siege of Nürnberg was a battle campaign that took place in 1632 about the Imperial Free City of Nürnberg (Nuremberg)... Read more

  • Battle of Lützen

    The Battle of Lützen (1632) was one of the most decisive battles of the Thirty Years' War. It was a Protestant victory, but cost the life of one of... Read more

  • Battle of Nördlingen (1634)

    The Battle of Nördlingen (Spanish: Batalla de Nördlingen; German: Schlacht bei Nördlingen; Swedish: Slaget vid Nördlingen) was fought on 27 August... Read more

  • Battle of Wittstock

    The Battle of Wittstock was fought on 24 September (Julian calendar) or 4 October (Gregorian calendar) 1636, between a Protestant Swedish army and... Read more

  • Battle of Rheinfelden

    The Battle of Rheinfelden was in fact two battles fought in 1638 to the north and south of the present-day town of Rheinfelden between a mercenary... Read more

  • The Siege of Breisach Ends in a French Victory

    Battle of Breisach was fought on August 18 — December 17, 1638 as part of Thirty Years' War. It ended when a garrison of the Holy Roman Empire... Read more

  • Second Battle of Breitenfeld

    The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig (October 23, 1642), took place at Breitenfeld (4 miles north-east of... Read more

  • Battle of Tuttlingen

    The Battle of Tuttlingen was fought in Tuttlingen on November 24, 1643. Those involved in the conflict were the French forces led by Marshal Josias... Read more

  • Battle of Freiburg

    The Battle of Freiburg, also called the Three Day Battle, took place on August 3, August 5 and August 9, 1644 as part of the Thirty Years' War. The... Read more

  • Battle of Jüterbog

    Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson had unexpectedly marched into Jutland in September 1643. While engaged in operations there, an Imperial army under... Read more

  • Battle of Mergentheim

    The Battle of Herbsthausen, or the Battle of Mergentheim, was fought on May 2, 1645.The battle was between French forces led by Marshal Turenne and... Read more

  • Second Battle of Nördlingen

    The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim. France... Read more

  • The Peace of Westphalia is Achieved through the Treaties of Osnabrück and Münster

    The term Peace of Westphalia refers to the two peace treaties of Osnabrück and Münster, signed on May 15 and October 24, 1648, respectively, and... Read more