Ancient Greece timeline

  • Golden Age of Greece, The Age of Pericles

    The Golden Age is the term used to denote the historical period in Classical Greece lasting roughly from the end of the Persian Wars in 448 BCE to... Read more

  • Democritus is Born

    Democritus, known in antiquity as the ‘laughing philosopher’ because of his emphasis on the value of ‘cheerfulness,’ was one of the two founders of... Read more

  • Battle of Tanagra

    The Battle of Tanagra took place in 458 BC between Athens and Sparta during the First Peloponnesian War. When the Phocians made war on the... Read more

  • Aeschylus Dies

    The Greek art of the drama had its roots in religious festivals for the gods, chiefly Dionysus, the god of wine. During Aeschylus' lifetime,... Read more

  • Pericles Changes Requirements for Athenian Citizenship

    Even after Cimon's ostracism, Pericles continued to espouse and promote a populist social policy. He first proposed a decree that permitted the... Read more

  • Athenians Build the Parthenon

    The Parthenon (Ancient Greek: Παρθενών) is a temple of the Greek goddess Athena whom the people of Athens considered their protector. Its... Read more

  • Aristophanes is Born

    Aristophanes (Ἀριστοφάνης, ca. 446 – ca. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Cydathenaus, was a prolific and much acclaimed comic playwright of... Read more

  • Pericles Battles Conservatives

    In 444 BC, the conservative and the democratic factions confronted each other in a fierce struggle. The ambitious new leader of the conservatives,... Read more

  • Samian War

    In 440 BC Samos was at war with Miletus about Priene, an ancient city of Ionia on the foot-hills of Mycale. Worsted in the war, the Milesians came... Read more

  • Statue of Zeus at Olympia Built

    The great statue of Zeus at Olympia was sculpted by the Athenian artist, Pheidias. After completing his work on the Acropolis in 438 BC, Pheidias... Read more

  • Peloponnesian War

    The Peloponnesian War, 431 to 404 B.C., was an ancient Greek war, fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta.... Read more

  • Empedocles Dies

    Empedocles (of Acagras in Sicily) was a philosopher and poet: one of the most important of the philosophers working before Socrates (the... Read more

  • Zeno of Elea Dies

    Little is known for certain about Zeno's life. Although written nearly a century after Zeno's death, the primary source of biographical information... Read more

  • Plato is Born

    Plato (pronounced /ˈpleɪtoʊ/, Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "broad"; 428/427 BC[a] – 348/347 BC), was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, writer... Read more

  • Anaxagoras Dies

    Anaxagoras (Greek: Ἀναξαγόρας, Anaxagoras, "lord of the assembly"; c. 500 BC – 428 BC) was a Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher. Born in Clazomenae in... Read more

  • Peace of Nicias Ends First Half of Peloponnesian War

    The Peace of Nicias was a peace treaty signed between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in the March of 421 BC, ending the first half of... Read more

  • Athens Attacks Sicily

    The Athenian expedition to Sicily sets sail under Nicias, Lamachus and Alcibiades. After his departure with the armada, Alcibiades is accused of... Read more

  • Hippias Dies

    Hippias of Elis (Greek: Ἱππίας; late 5th century BCE) was a Greek Sophist, and a contemporary of Socrates. With an assurance characteristic of the... Read more

  • The Sicilian Expedition Ends

    The impact of the defeat on Athens was immense. Two hundred ships and thousands of soldiers, an appreciable portion of the city's total manpower,... Read more

  • Protagoras Dies

    Have you heard or used the above claims before? Like many commonplaces in language and culture, you can trace these claims back to a... Read more

  • Democracy of Athens is Overthrown by Oligarchic Extremists

    The democracy of Athens is overthrown by the oligarchic extremists, Antiphon, Theramenes, Peisander and Phrynichus in an effort by the oligarcists... Read more

  • Sophocles Dies

    There is a passage of Plutarch's tract De Profectibus in Virtute 7 in which Sophocles discusses his own growth as a writer. A likely source of this... Read more

  • Euripides Dies

    Tragedies: 1. Alcestis (438 BCE, second prize) 2. Medea (431 BCE, third prize) 3. Heracleidae (c. 430 BCE) 4. Hippolytus (428... Read more

  • Socrates Dies

    The Trial of Socrates refers to the trial and the subsequent execution of the classical Athenian philosopher Socrates in 399 BCE. Socrates was... Read more

  • Prodicus of Ceos Dies

    Prodicus of Ceos (Πρόδικος Pródikos, born c. 465 or 450 BC) was a Greek humanist of the first period of the Sophistic movement, known as the... Read more