Ancient Greece timeline

  • Cyrus the Great Conquers Ionia

    Cyrus the Great (Old Persian: IPA: [kʰuːrʰuʃ], Kūruš, Persian: کوروش بزرگ/کوروش کبیر, Kūrošé Bozorg) (c. 600 BC or 576 BC – December 530 BC), also... Read more

  • Anaximander Dies

    Anaximander's bold use of non-mythological explanatory hypotheses considerably distinguishes him from previous cosmology writers such as Hesiod. It... Read more

  • Leonidas I of Sparta is Born

    Leonidas (pronounced /liːˈɒnɨdəs/, Greek: Λεωνίδας, Leōnidas, literally "leonine") was a king of Sparta, the 17th of the Agiad line, one of the... Read more

  • Heraclitus is Born

    Heraclitus of Ephesus (Ancient Greek: Ἡράκλειτος ὁ Ἐφέσιος — Hērákleitos ho Ephésios; c. 535–c. 475 BCE) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, a... Read more

  • Battle of Pasargadae

    The first capital of the Achaemenid Empire, Pasargadae, lies in ruins 43 kilometers from Persepolis, in present-day Fars province of Iran. The... Read more

  • Aeschylus is Born

    Aeschylus (pronounced /ˈɛskɨləs/ or /ˈiːskɨləs/, Greek: Αἰσχύλος, Aiskhulos, c. 525 BC/524 BC – c. 456 BC/455 BC) was an ancient Greek playwright.... Read more

  • Spartans and Athenians Overthrow Hippias

    In 510, Spartan troops helped the Athenians overthrow their king, the tyrant Hippias, son of Peisistratos. Cleomenes I, king of Sparta, put in... Read more

  • Classical Greece

    Classical Greece was a culture that was highly advanced and which heavily influenced the cultures of Ancient Rome and still has an enduring effect... Read more

  • Anaxagoras is Born

    Anaxagoras (Greek: Ἀναξαγόρας, Anaxagoras, "lord of the assembly"; c. 500 BC – 428 BC) was a Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher. Born in Clazomenae in... Read more

  • Greco-Persian Wars

    The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and city-states of... Read more

  • Sophocles is Born

    Sophocles (pronounced /ˈsɒfəkliːz/ in English; ancient Greek Σοφοκλῆς Sophoklēs, probably pronounced [sopʰoklɛ̂ːs]; c. 496 BC-406 BC) was the... Read more

  • Pythagoras of Samos Dies

    It is crucial to recognize that most Greeks followed Homer in believing that the soul was an insubstantial shade, which lived a shadowy existence... Read more

  • Zeno of Elea is Born

    Little is known for certain about Zeno's life. Although written nearly a century after Zeno's death, the primary source of biographical information... Read more

  • Empedocles is Born

    Empedocles (Ancient Greek: Ἐμπεδοκλῆς; ca. 490–430 BC) was a Greek pre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Agrigentum, a Greek city in Sicily.... Read more

  • Hippias of Elis is Born

    Hippias of Elis (Greek: Ἱππίας; late 5th century BCE) was a Greek Sophist, and a contemporary of Socrates. With an assurance characteristic of the... Read more

  • Gorgias is Born

    Gorgias (Greek: Γοργίας, ca. 485-c.380 BCE) "the Nihilist", Greek sophist, pre-socratic philosopher and rhetorician, was a native of Leontini in... Read more

  • Protagoras is Born

    Protagoras (Greek: Πρωταγόρας) (ca. 490– 420 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher and is numbered as one of the sophists by Plato. In his... Read more

  • Battle of Thermopylae

    The Battle of Thermopylae (pronounced /θərˈmɒpɨliː/, thər-MOP-i-lee; Greek: Θερμοπύλαι) was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by... Read more

  • Euripides is Born

    Euripides (Ancient Greek: Εὐριπίδης) (ca. 480 BCE – 406 BCE) was the last of the three great tragedians of classical Athens (the other two being... Read more

  • Battle of Salamis

    Forward, sons of the Greeks, liberate the fatherland, liberate your children, your women, the temples of your ancestral gods, the graves of your... Read more

  • Battle of Plataea

    The Battle of Plataea was the final land battle during the second Persian invasion of Greece. It took place in 479 BC near the city of Plataea in... Read more

  • Archidamus II is King of Sparta

    Archidamus II was a king of Sparta who reigned from approximately 476 BC to 427 BC. He was of the Eurypontid dynasty. His father was Zeuxidamus... Read more

  • Xenophanes Dies

    Xenophanes approached the question of science from the standpoint of the reformer rather than of the scientific investigator. If we look at the... Read more

  • Socrates is Born

    Socrates (pronounced /ˈsɒkrətiːz/; Greek: Σωκράτης, Sōkrátēs; c. 469 BC–399 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher. Credited as one of the founders... Read more

  • Prodicus of Ceos is Born

    Prodicus (c. 460-395 BC) was a student of Protagoras and a well-paid sophist, not only by Plato implied to enjoy monetary gain, particularly... Read more