Early Helladic I Period of Greece

The Early Helladic is marked by the emergence in Greece of an agricultural population that probably did not speak an Indo-European language.

Very little is known of this society except that the basic techniques of bronze-working were first developed in Anatolia, and cultural contacts with Western Anatolia were maintained. Their emergence coincides with the beginning of the Bronze Age in Greece. The Early Helladic period corresponds in time to the Old Kingdom in Egypt. Important Early Helladic sites are clustered on the Aegean shores of the mainland in Boeotia and Argolid (Lerna, Pefkakia, Thebes, Tiryns) or coastal islands such as Aegina (Kolonna) and Euboea (Lefkandi, Manika) and are marked by pottery showing Western Anatolian influences and the introduction of the fast-spinning version of the potter's wheel. The large "longhouse" called a megaron is introduced in EH II. The infiltration of Anatolian cultural models was not accompanied by widespread site destruction. No similar Early Helladic material has yet been positively identified in the interior of the Peloponnese.

This cultural assemblage was first recognized by Blegen at Korakou in 1915-16. Best defined stratigraphically at Eutresis between levels attributable to Final Neolithic and Early Helladic II, it is also well represented at Lithares (Boeotia), Palaia Kokkinia (Attica), Perachora-Vouliagmeni (Corinthia), Nemea-Tsoungiza (Corinthia), and Talioti (Argolid). The ceramic type shape of the period - a red slipped and burnished hemispherical bowl - has a wide distribution from the Peloponnese to Thessaly. This culture is likely to be characteristic of the entire Greek Mainland south of the Spercheios River valley, although the recent definition of the Talioti sub-culture (see above) in the central Argolid and southern Corinthia suggests that regional variants may be fairly distinctive and possibly quite numerous.