President Josefa Iloilo Suspends Fiji's Constitution
Ratu Josefa Iloilovatu Uluivuda, CF, MBE, MSD, KStJ (born December 29, 1920) was the President of Fiji from 2000 until 2009, excluding a brief period from 5 December 2006 to 4 January 2007 (see below). He has the traditional title of Tui Vuda, the paramount chief of the Vuda district in Ba Province on Fiji's northwest coast. Like many Fijian people, he rarely uses his surname and is known simply as Josefa Iloilo. He announced on 28 July 2009 that he would be leaving office on 30 July.
The Fijian constitutional crisis of 2009 began on Friday, April 10, 2009. Fijian President Ratu Josefa Iloilo announced on a nationwide radio broadcast that he had suspended the Constitution of Fiji, dismissed all judges and constitutional appointees and assumed all governance in the country after the Court of Appeal ruled that the government of Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama was illegal. Iloilo reinstalled Bainimarama as PM and his Cabinet members to their positions. He also instituted emergency rule which increased police powers and allowed media censorship.