Pushpa Kamal Dahal is Sworn in as the First Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Prachanda (Nepali: प्रचण्ड , pronounced [pɾətsəɳɖə]; born Chhabilal Dahal on 11 December 1954, later Pushpa Kamal Dahal), a former guerrilla leader and a controversial politician, is the Chairman of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Under his leadership, the CPN (M) launched an insurgency on 13 February 1996, in which about 13,000 people died.

Prachanda's extension of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism to take specific account of Nepal's situation is known as the Prachanda Path. "Prachanda" is a party name along the lines of "Lenin" and "Hồ Chí Minh". "Prachanda" literally means "fierce one".

The Constituent Assembly elected Prachanda as a Prime Minister of Nepal on 15 August 2008. He was sworn in as Prime Minister on 18 August 2008. Prachanda resigned from the post on 4 May 2009 after his move to sack General Rookmangud Katawal, the army chief, was opposed by President Ram Baran Yadav. He remained in office until 23 May 2009, when his successor was elected.

In February 1996, one of the Maoist parties started a bid to replace the parliamentary monarchy with a so-called people's new democratic republic, through a Maoist revolutionary strategy known as the people's war, which led to the Nepalese Civil War. Led by Dr. Baburam Bhattarai and Pushpa Kamal Dahal (also known as "Prachanda"), the insurgency began in five districts in Nepal: Rolpa, Rukum, Jajarkot, Gorkha, and Sindhuli. The Maoists declared the existence of a provisional "people's government" at the district level in several locations.