78th Academy Awards
The 78th Academy Awards honored the best films of 2005 and were held on March 5, 2006, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California.
They were hosted by The Daily Show host Jon Stewart. The ceremony was pushed back from its newly established February date because of the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy.
The nominees were announced on January 31 at 5:38 a.m. PST (13:38 UTC) by Academy president Sid Ganis and actress Mira Sorvino, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in the Academy's Beverly Hills headquarters.
Ang Lee's drama Brokeback Mountain had the most nominations of the year's films, receiving eight. Paul Haggis' Crash, George Clooney's Good Night, and Good Luck, and Rob Marshall's Memoirs of a Geisha each received six nominations.
The ceremony was remembered by many insiders and film critics for its nominations of independently financed, low budget films. In addition, the subject matter of the nominated films focused on controversial political and social themes, such as racial relations and racism (Crash), homosexuality (Brokeback Mountain, Capote), transexuality (Transamerica), McCarthyism (Good Night, and Good Luck), anti-semitism and terrorism (Munich, Syriana).
This year has become particularly noted for its major upset at the climax of the ceremony. Following a streak of numerous awards, Brokeback Mountain was heavily favored to win the Best Picture category, but lost to Crash, a film that, although publicly and critically acclaimed, had collected fewer previous awards throughout the season. Both films wrapped the ceremony with three Oscars each.
There was also some minor controversy regarding the nomination of Paradise Now, as Best Foreign Language Film.
The 2205 Academy Award Winners
Actor: Philip Seymour Hoffman (Capote)
Actress: Reese Witherspoon (Walk the Line)
Supporting Actor: George Clooney (Syriana)
Supporting Actress: Rachel Weisz (The Constant Gardener)
Director: Ang Lee (Brokeback Mountain)
Adapted Screenplay: Brokeback Mountain
Original Screenplay: Crash
Song: "It's Hard Out Here for a Pimp" (Hustle & Flow)
Score: Brokeback Mountain
Cinematography: Memoirs of a Geisha
Costume Design: Memoirs of a Geisha
Art / Set Decoration: Memoirs of a Geisha
Film Editing: Crash
Foreign Language Film: Tsotsi
Animated Feature Film: Wallace & Gromit in The Curse of the Were-Rabbit
Sound Editing: King Kong
Sound Mixing: King Kong
Makeup: Chronicles of Narnia
Visual Effects: King Kong
Short Films: The Moon and the Son: An Imagined Conversation (Animated) / Six Shooter (Live-Action)
Documentaries: A Note of Triumph: The Golden Age of Norman Corwin / La Marche de l'empereur