2001 Gujarat Earthquake

A major earthquake struck Gujarat, India, on 26 January 2001 at 08:46 AM local time resulting in close to 13,823 deaths and extensive damage to property in Gujarat, India.

Damage to a lesser extent also occurred in the adjoining states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan in India and in Sindh province, Pakistan. The earthquake had a magnitude of Mw=7.7 and was felt for several minutes in many parts of south Asia. This is one of the largest instrumented earthquakes in peninsula India.

The unprecedented earthquake of 26th January 2001 left Bhuj absolutely shattered, the worst ever disaster, in last 50 years. Almost the entire state reeled under its catastrophic impact. About 13,800 people died and 1,67,000 suffered injury. Nearly 1.2 million houses were damaged. All the civic facilities like - schools, hospitals, health centers and public buildings - suffered massive destruction. The utility infrastructures, which included water supply, electricity and telecommunications, were also completely disrupted.

The earthquake was felt throughout northwest India and much of Pakistan. Also felt in western Nepal and Bangladesh. On June 16, 1819 an earthquake in this same general area killed 1500-2000 people.

At least 20,005 people killed, 166,836 injured, approximately 339,000 buildings destroyed and 783,000 damaged in the Bhuj-Ahmadabad-Rajkot area and other parts of Gujarat. Many bridges and roads damaged in Gujarat. At least 18 people killed and some injured in southern Pakistan. Felt throughout northern India and much of Pakistan. Also felt in Bangladesh and western Nepal. The earthquake occurred along an approximately east-west trending thrust fault at shallow depth. The stress that caused this earthquake is due to the Indian plate pushing northward into the Eurasian plate. Complex earthquake. A small event is followed by a larger one about 2 seconds later.