Six gunmen shot the guard at Deir el-Bahari, a mortuary temple on the west bank of the Nile and proceeded to gun down every tourist in sight.
Sixty-two tourists and Egyptians would die, in the forty-five minute attack, including a five year-old child.
The attack was carried out by the Islamic Group, a militant group allied with al-Jihad, at that time. The Islamic group was attempting to drive tourists out of the country, in order to achieve their goal of establishing an Islamic government in Egypt. It was later determined by the Swiss government that Osama bin Laden had provided financial support for the operation.
Although al-Jihad and the Islamic Group would consider the attack a success, public opinion turned sharply against these anti-government groups. The Egyptian government response would curtail the operations of both al-Jihad and the Islamic Group for several years, following the attack.