China Airlines Flight 140 Stalls at Landing

China Airlines Flight 140 was a route from Taipei, Taiwan to Nagoya, Japan.

On April 26, 1994, the Airbus A300 on the route was due to land at Nagoya Airport. The Airbus A300 was completing a routine flight and approach, however just before landing, the First Officer pressed the Take Off/Go-Around button (also known as a TOGA) which raises the throttle position to the same as take offs and go-arounds.

Pilot Wang Lo-chi and copilot Chuang Meng-jung attempted to correct the situation by manually reducing the throttles and pushing the yoke downwards. The autopilot then acted against these inputs (as it is programmed to do when the TOGA button is activated), causing the plane to have a very nose-high attitude. This nose-high attitude, combined with decreasing airspeed due to insufficient thrust, resulted in an aerodynamic stall of the aircraft. With insufficient altitude to recover from this condition, the subsequent crash killed 264 (15 crew and 249 passengers) of the 271 (15 crew and 256 passengers) people aboard. All passengers who survived the incident were seated at the starboard side of the aircraft in coach class.

The crash which destroyed the aircraft (delivered less than 3 years earlier in 1991) was attributed to crew error for their failure to correct the controls as well as the airspeed. It is the second highest death toll of any accident involving an Airbus A300 anywhere in the world after Iran Air Flight 655.

A Taiwanese jet apparently trying to abort a landing crashed, exploded and burned beside an airport runway Tuesday night, killing 261 people. Ten people survived.
The crash of the China Airlines A300-600R Airbus was Japan's second worst aviation disaster.

Minutes before the crash, pilot Wang Lo-chi radioed that he would abandon his landing attempt and try again, a Transport Ministry official said. The pilot gave no reason.

At least 261 people died Tuesday night when a Taiwan jet crashed on landing at Nagoya Airport and burst into flames. It was the second-worst airline disaster in Japan's history.

The plane, a China Airlines Airbus A300 on Flight 140 from Taipei, was carrying 257 passengers and 14 crew members when it crashed near the edge of the runway at 8:16 P.M, the Japanese Transport Ministry said.

Officials at the airport, in central Japan, said 261 people were confirmed dead and 10 were being treated in hospitals.