Porsche 964 is First Produced
The Porsche 964 is the company's internal name for the version of the Porsche 911 model manufactured and sold between 1989 and 1994.
It featured significant styling revisions over previous versions of the 911, most prominently the more integrated bumpers (fenders), although it was still obviously a 911. It was the first generation of 911 to be offered with Porsche's optional Tiptronic automatic transmission as well as the first generation to be offered with all wheel drive.
"Type" 964 (nine-sixty-four) or simply 964 (nine-six-four) is in fact the internal code name for the car; the vehicle was badged simply as Carrera 2 or Carrera 4. The official name for the model, as printed on the front of the Owner's Manual, is "Porsche 911 Carrera 2" or "Porsche 911 Carrera 4". The 964 name is now often used to distinguish this car from other generations of the Carrera, especially among Porsche enthusiasts.
The 964 was considered over 85% new as compared over its predecessor, the Carrera 3.2. The first 964s available in 1989 were all wheel drive equipped "Carrera 4" models; Porsche added the rear wheel drive Carrera 2 variant to the range in 1990. Both variants were available as a coupe, Targa or Cabriolet. The 964 Carrera was the last generation sold with the traditional removable Targa roof. Later evolutions of the Targa, starting with the 993 generation, replaced that setup with a complex glass-roof "greenhouse" system. A new naturally-aspirated engine called the M64 was used for 964 models, with a flat-6 displacement of 3.6 litres. Porsche largely revised the suspension replacing the rear torsion bars with coil springs and shock absorbers. Power steering and ABS brakes arrive to the 911 for the first time and they were both made standard. The exterior bumpers and fog lamps became flush into the car, allowing for better aerodynamics. A new electric rear spoiler raised as speeds above 50 MPH and lowered down flush with the rear engine lid at lower speeds or when stopped. A revised interior featured standard dual airbags beginning in 1990 for all North American production cars. A new automatic climate control system provided superior heating and cooling. Revised instrumentation housed a large set of warning lights that were tied into the car's central warning system which alerted the driver to a possible problem or malfunction.
With its distinctive shape and totally individual character the 911 has appealed to driving enthusiasts since its introduction in 1963. In 1989 the first major update resulted in the 964 model in the four-wheel drive Carrera 4 (Built on the experience of the Porsche 959). A year later followed the two-wheel drive Carrera 2. Production of these cars ran from 1989 up until 1993 and the introduction of the 993. During this period some 3,692 were imported into the United Kingdom.
Although over 85% of the components had been redesigned, the body style remain faithful to the classic lines of the 911.
Improved aerodynamics using knowledge gained from Le Mans winning 959 and 962, reduced the drag coefficient to 0.32, and with virtually zero lift greatly improved stability and road holding at high speed. A retractable rear spoiler automatically extends at 50mph and whilst increasing the downforce also doubles the volume of air intake for improved engine cooling. The spoiler automatically retracts at below 60 mph.
The capacity of the famous flat six engine increased to 3.6 Litres. Gained twin spark ignition and become the most powerful normally aspirated 911 production engine with 250 bhp and 310 Nm of torque at 4,800 rpm, 0-60 coming up in just over 5 seconds and a top speed of 163 mph.
Tiptronic Electro-hydraulically controlled 4 speed transmission was as an option for the first time, giving the combination of manual and automatic gear selection being supplemented by immediate up or down gear selection by 'tipping' the gear lever forward or backwards.
Compared to earlier versions the 964 also gained from chassis development and improvements in tyre technology, resulting in far more user friendly driving characteristics on the limit, whilst still retaining enough quirkiness of a rear engine design to satisfy and reward enthusiastic drivers.
The introduction of an anti-lock dual assisted braking system, progressive power steering, 3-way catalytic converter and a ten-year anti-corrosion warranty completed the new package.
Offered in Coupe, Targa and Cabriolet versions, the enthusiast was spoilt for choice. A lightweight version the 964 RS followed, and a turbo charged version the 965 maintain the lineage of the 911 family.