Tel Aviv-Jerusalem bus 405 attack
The Tel Aviv-Jerusalem bus 405 attack occurred on July 6, 1989.
Abd al-Hadi Ghanayem, a Palestinian traveling in a crowded bus en route from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem seized the steering wheel from the driver and crashed the bus over a steep precipice in the area of Qiryat Ye'arim.
Eighteen civilians died in the crash, including two Canadians and one American, and thirty more were wounded. This is regarded as essentially the first Palestinian suicide attack even though the perpetrator (Anas), who belonged to the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, didn't wear the more common suicide belt, and he was not killed in the crash. He was later arrested after receiving medical treatment for his injuries in an Israeli hospital. He was convicted on murder, hijacking and terrorism charges.