"The Conformist" Is Released
The Conformist (Italian: Il conformista) (1970) is a political film directed by Bernardo Bertolucci.
The screenplay was written by Bertolucci based on the novel The Conformist (1951) by Alberto Moravia. The film features Jean-Louis Trintignant, Stefania Sandrelli, among others.
The picture was a co-production of Italian, French, and West German film companies.
The drama serves as an analysis of the Fascist mentality which explores a sexual motivation. Marcello Clerici is an Italian who spends his life accommodating others and joins the Italian Fascist party as a way of disappearing into the crowd so that he can "belong." Bertolucci makes use of the 1930s art and decor associated with the Fascist mentality and era: the middle-class drawing rooms and the huge halls of the ruling elite.
The conformist is 1930s Italian Marcello Clerici (Jean-Louis Trintignant), a coward who has spent his life accommodating others so that he can "belong." Marcello agrees to kill a political refugee, on orders from the Fascist government, even though the victim-to-be is his college mentor. The film is a character study of the kind of person who willingly "conforms" to the ideological fashions of his day. In this case, director Bernardo Bertolucci suggests that Marcello's desire to conform is rooted in his latent homosexuality. In addition to its strong storyline, the film is critically revered for the astonishing production design by Nedo Azzini, which, together with Vittorio Storaro's camerawork, recreates the atmosphere of Fascist Italy with some of the most complex visual compositions ever seen on film, filled with highly stylized uses of angles, shapes, and shadows. The Conformist was cut by five crucial minutes when first released in the US; those missing moments were restored in the 1994 reissue. ~ Hal Erickson, All Movie Guide