Khartoum Resolution issued

Following the 6-day war of 1967, the Israel unity government declared on June 19, 1967 that it was ready to return the Golan Heights to Syria, Sinai to Egypt and most of the West Bank to Jordan, in return for peace treaties with its Arab neighbors, normalization of relations and guarantee of navigation through the Straits of Tiran. The refugee problem would be solved by resettlement outside the borders of the State of Israel. On the same day, the USSR submitted UN General Assembly resolution 519, calling for immediate Israeli withdrawal from all territories, with no mention of peace or negotiations. The resolution was voted down on July 4.

In the wake of the Arab defeat, eight Arab heads of state attended an Arab summit conference in Khartoum, Sudan held August 29 - September 1, 1967. It formulated the Arab consensus that underlay the official policies of most Arab states for the next two decades and beyond, with the exception of Egypt: " no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with it." The same policy had been followed, officially, since the 1949 armistice negotiations following the Israeli victory in the 1948 war (the War of Independence) despite behind the scenes efforts at a settlement. This appeared to be the Arab answer to the Israeli call for a negotiated settlement based on the principle of land for peace. At the same time, the conference gave up the petroleum embargo on the West. The embargo was inspired by the kind of thinking enunciated by Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser, in his speech following the Egyptian defeat in the 6-Day War. Nasser had blamed the Israeli victory on alleged air-support provided the United States, and proclaimed bitterly, "The Sixth Fleet runs on Arab Petroleum." The resolutions also called for a fund to assist the economies of Egypt and Jordan, and a new agreement to end the inter-Arab war in Yemen. Egypt broke the "no negotiations, no recognition" taboo after the 1974 October War. Syria and Libya led the "refusal front" which refused to recognize UN resolution 242 or to negotiate peace with Israel.

The Khartoum Resolution of September 1, 1967 was issued at the conclusion of a meeting between the leaders of eight Arab countries in the wake of the Six-Day War. The resolution, which formed a basis of the policies of these governments toward Israel until the Yom Kippur War of 1973, called for: a continued state of belligerency with Israel; ending the Arab oil boycott declared during the Six-Day War; an end to the North Yemen Civil War; and economic assistance for Egypt and Jordan. The resolution also contains in paragraph 3 what became known as "the three noes" of Arab-Israel relations at that time: no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with Israel.