Skopje Earthquake of 1963
The 1963 Skopje earthquake was an 6.1 moment magnitude earthquake which occurred in Skopje, SR Macedonia (present-day Republic of Macedonia) then part of the SFR Yugoslavia, on July 26, 1963 which killed over 1,070 people, injured between 3,000 and 4,000 and left more than 200,000 people homeless. About 80 percent of the city was destroyed.
The earthquake, which measured 6.1 on the moment magnitude scale (equivalent to 6.9 on the Richter scale), occurred on July 26, 1963 at 4:17 am UTC (5:17 am local time) in Skopje, Socialist Republic of Macedonia, then part of SFR Yugoslavia (present-day Republic of Macedonia). The tremor lasted for 20 seconds and was felt mostly along the Vardar River Valley. There were also smaller earthquakes until 5:43.
The severe earthquake left some 80 percent of Skopje in ruins, with 1.070 dead persons and more than 200.000 homeless. Relief in money and kind, including medical, engineering, and building teams with supplies, came from 78 countries. From this, Skopje was called the 'City of International Solidarity.'
In the days after the earthquake, 35 nations asked the United Nations General Assembly to put relief for Skopje on its agenda, and a campaign directed at national governments and international agencies began to identify resources to assist in recovery efforts.
Thousands of people are feared dead after a massive earthquake rocked the Yugoslav city of Skopje.
The first quake occurred in the Macedonian capital at about 0500 and lasted for 20 seconds.
Tremors from the earthquake were felt some 90 miles along the Vardar valley.
More than 100,000 people were made homeless immediately as three-quarters of the city's buildings were damaged or destroyed.
The earthquake, which measured 6.1 on the moment magnitude scale, occurred on 26 July 1963 at 05:17 hours local time. The tremor lasted for about 20 seconds. It demolished 15.800 apartment buildings and damaged another 28.000. Over 200.000 Skopje citizens were left homeless as a result.