Mercedes-Benz W110 is First Produced
The W110 "Fintail" (German: Heckflosse) was Mercedes-Benz's line of midsize four-cylinder automobiles in the mid-1960s.
The line was introduced with the 190c and 190Dc sedan in April, 1961, replacing the W120 180c/180Dc and W121 190b/190Db. The W110 line was refreshed in July, 1965 to become the 200 and Diesel 200D (model year 1966 for North America); at the same time, a six-cylinder 230 (successor to the Mercedes 220) became part of the W110 line. Production lasted just three more years, with the W115 220 and 220D introduced in 1968. This was the first series of Mercedes cars to be extensively crash tested for occupant safety.
The 190c replaced the W120 180c/180Dc and W121 190b/190Db as Mercedes-Benz's line of less-expensive four-cylinder sedans. The "D" denoted a Diesel engine, a technology pioneered by Mercedes-Benz and championed despite widespread derision in the motoring press.
Heralding the inception of the successful "Fintail" dynasty, the W110 appeared as a little gorgeous four seater in the 1960's. Introduced with a choice of one petrol unit and a Diesel plant, both displacing 1.9 L, the cars were built to compete on the North American market with the car having been designed with an American style-inspired rear adorned with two small "fins" placed above the tail lights. Th line-up remained unchanged until 1965 when it saw a refresh and introduction of two new engines with capacities of 2.0 L and 2.3 L. Most importantly, the small-Fintail was the first car that went through extensive crash-testing.
Characteristic and distinguishing feature of the W110 were the tail fins, with which the manufacturer Mercedes, which normally for a rather conservative Design, unusual concessions to the then dominant fashion made. Compared to American copies the tail fins failed with the W110 however quite small.
The W110 divided large ranges of the body with the upper class model at that time W111/W112, which had appeared two years rather. It differed outwardly from its large brother by one around 14,5 cm shortened front cars, rounds, in place of vertical headlights, smaller tail lamps and less chrome. Pointed name of the model is because of the tail fins "small fin "- contrary to the W111/W112, which is called "large fin ".
The four-cylinder vehicles were sold from 1961 to 1965 under the designation 190 and 190 D (Diesels). The 190er was called internally for distinction to previous models 190c and 190 DC. While the 190c a 1,9-Liter-Aggregat had, got 190 DC the pontoon diesel engine from the last pontoon series, drilled out on scarcely 2 litres, (COM 621 III). Starting from 1965 the vehicles were called 200 and 200 D. the 200 D received thereby a revised engine mount (COM 621 VIII) with fivefold instead of so far three-way stored crankshaft. The 200er differed beside the larger engine by additional standard fog headlights underneath the headlights. In the same unit also the turn signals were, so far were short them with the park lights on the fenders, before the A-column), as also with the pontoon. Furthermore there was a larger 65-l-Tank (than SA also 90 l), in the C-columns and somewhat more chrome at the tail - however without the chrome decoration at the fins. The rear turn signals in the somewhat larger rear lights were now for the first time in Mercedes yellow.
The six cylinder model (1965-1968) with the engine M180 carried the designation 230 and carried first 105, then 120 HP out. (This had by the way as the first series vehicle a cooling agent header tank on the right of in the back in the engine compartment, there by the longer engine of the radiators between the front cross beams to move had and so no more entrance to the filler neck located on the radiator above before was possible.)
In February 1968 production, successor ended was the W115 produced since autumn 1967 "to line figure eight "(the designation "line eight "stands for model year 1968). The W110 is today a in demand old timer.