Japan Signs the Treaty of San Francisco and the Treaty of Taipei to Become a Sovereign State

Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty, commonly known as the Treaty of Taipei as it was signed in Taipei, was a peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China (ROC) concluded on April 28, 1952.

This treaty was necessary, because neither the Republic of China nor the People's Republic of China were invited to sign the Treaty of San Francisco due to disagreements by other countries as to which government was the legitimate government of China with the cause of Chinese Civil War. Under pressure from the United States policy makers, Japan signed a separate peace treaty with the Republic of China to officially end the war between the two states with the victory by the ROC. Although the ROC itself was not a participant of San Francisco Peace Treaty due to the resumption of Chinese Civil War after 1945, this treaty largely correlates itself to the San Francisco Peace Treaty. In particular, ROC waived service compensation to Japan in this treaty with respect to Article 14 1 of the San Francisco Treaty.

Japan formally renounced recognition of the Republic of China and recognized the People's Republic of China as the 'One China'.

The Treaty of Peace with Japan (commonly known as the Treaty of San Francisco or San Francisco Peace Treaty), between the Allied Powers and Japan, was officially signed by 49 nations on September 8, 1951 in San Francisco, California. It came into force on April 28, 1952.

This treaty served officially to end World War II, to end formally Japan's position as an imperial power, and to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes. This treaty made extensive use of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies' goals.

This treaty, along with the Security Treaty signed that same year, is said to mark the beginning of the "San Francisco System"; this term, coined by historian John W. Dower, signifies the effects of Japan's relationship with the United States and its role in the international arena as determined by these two treaties and is used to discuss the ways in which these effects have governed Japan's post-war history.