US Forces Complete Encirclement of Manila
After the American landing at Lingayen Gulf on January 9, 1945, the US Army sped toward Manila.
The city became a battlefield from February 4 to March 3, 1945 in street-to-street fighting with fanatical Japanese resistance. Rear-Admiral Sanji Iwabuchi defended the city, with an estimated 20,000 troops, performed a scorched earth policy on the city, and committed atrocities against the civilian inhabitants
American troops would have much more such fighting ahead. Once the 129th Infantry Regiment and the 148th Infantry Regiment had secured Provisor Island and the Paco Railroad Station respectively, both swept westward toward Intramuros and the bay. The 129th Infantry Regiment collided with the Japanese strongpoint at the New Police Station, and the 148th Infantry Regiment collided with the strongpoint of the Philippine General Hospital. The 129th Infantry Regiment began its assaults on the New Police Station on 12 February. The strongpoint consisted of the police station itself, the shoe factory, the Manila Club, Santa Teresita College and San Pablo Church. By nightfall, the 129th Infantry regiment had consolidated its lines on Marques de Camillas Street fronting the strongpoint. Maintaining lines--keeping units that advanced faster than others from leaving hazardous gaps in the line--offered many challenges in the highly compartmented urban environment.