Battle of Guilin–Liuzhou

The Battle of Guilin–Liuzhou (simplified Chinese: 桂柳会战; traditional Chinese: 桂柳會戰; pinyin: Gùilǐu Huìzhàn), also known as the Battle of Guiliu was one of the 22 major engagements between the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) and Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

This battle was the third of the three-part Battle of Henan-Hunan-Guangxi, also known as Operation Ichigo. As part of the said Operation, a major aim of this attack was to connect the pieces of Japanese-held territory, and also, to destroy airbases in the area which were housing USAAF aircraft.

Starting on 16 Aug 1944, the Japanese 11th and 23rd Armies began to move into the northeastern region of the Guangxi Province. The total of 120,000 Chinese troops fought an effective delay action campaign that did not allow the 150,000 Japanese troops to reach Guilin (Kweilin) and Liuzhou until 1 Nov. Guilin and Liuzhou were defended largely by troops who had recently retreated from the Fourth Battle of Changsha, therefore not only under-strength but also morale-broken.