British Agents in Greece and Occupying Germans Agree to Ceasefire with the Signing of the Plaka Agreement
When the German offensive abated somewhat, General Zervas sent his EDES fighters to counterattack ELAS in the hopes of regaining ground lost in the earlier fighting.
In early January 1944, EDES had some success against their rivals, making headway into Roumeli. Meantime, the Allied Military Mission6 (AMM) was becoming increasingly perturbed at the Greek guerrillas. Clearly this civil war was counterproductive to the war effort and the AMM was trying unsuccessfully to arrange a truce. ELAS went on the attack again in late January; despite the hindrance posed by the harsh winter weather, ELAS made progress against EDES. The AMM finally imposed its will onto the guerrillas on February 4, 1944, when both sides agreed to a cease fire. This was followed on February 29 with the signing of a document known as the Plaka Agreement.
When Italy surrendered to the Allies in the fall of 1943, German forces actively hunted down and, in some cases executed, the Italian soldiers and simultaneously began serious attacks on EDES. There is evidence that Zervas then struck a deal with the German army. The right-wing partisans and Germans agreed not to attack each other. This truce left the Germans free of sabotage in some areas and allowed EDES to suppress local Communist rivals. The EDES-German truce ended in 1944, when the Germans began evacuating Greece and the British agents in Greece negotiated a ceasefire (the Plaka agreement).
The stage, however, was already set for the next period of Greek history: the Greek Civil War.