Allied Forces Begin Supply Convoys Through the Port of Antwerp
At the end of the five-week offensive, the First Canadian Army had taken 41,043 German prisoners.
After the first ship arrived on November 28, convoys started bringing a steady stream of supplies to the continent, which began to reenergize the stalled Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine. Germany recognized the importance of the Allies having a deep water port, so in an attempt to destroy it, or at least disrupt the flow of supplies, the German military fired more V-2 ballistic missiles at Antwerp than any other city. In fact, nearly half of the V-2s launched during the war were fired at Antwerp. The port of Antwerp was so strategically vital, that during the Battle of the Bulge one of the primary German objectives was to retake the city and its port.
The Canadians attacked the causeway on October 31 and, after a grim struggle, established a precarious foothold. Then, in conjunction with the waterborne attacks, the 52nd British Division continued the advance. On November 6 Middleburg, the island's capital, fell and by November 8 all resistance ended. The channel was cleared of mines and, on November 28, the first convoy entered the port of Antwerp led by the Canadian-built freighter Fort Cataraqui.
Meanwhile, the 4th Division had pushed eastwards past Bergen-op-Zoom to St. Philipsland where, in a "naval" engagement from the land, several German vessels were sunk in Zijpe harbour.
Thus, with the approaches to Antwerp free and the country up to the Maas River cleared, the Battle of the Scheldt was over.