Naples Liberated from German Occupation by Allied Forces
On October 1 at 9:30 of the first Allied tanks entered the city, while at the end of the day, the German command in Italy, to the mouth of Marshal Albert Kesselring, considered the retreat concluded with success.
The budget of the terrible battles of the four days of Naples is not harmonious in the figures, according to some authors, seventy-six in hours of fighting, killed 170 supporters and 150 unarmed citizens, according to the Ministerial Commission for the recognition of the victims were partisan, but 155 from the registers of Cemetery Poggioreale would be 562 deaths. It should be noted that most of the fighting there were only between Italians and Germans. Unlike other episodes of resistance were in fact relatively rare clashes with Italian fascists, who probably had not had time to reorganize effectively after September 8 (note that the Social Republic was proclaimed September 23, that is only four days before the outbreak of the revolt). Making a budget, over the very important moral and political result dell'insurrezione, the Four Days of Naples had undoubtedly the merit of preventing the Germans could organize a resistance in the city or that, as Hitler said, were reduced Naples' in ash and mud before they were withdrawn. Was also prevented the plan for mass deportations organized by Scholl had happened. This resulted not only through the officially recognized 1500 fighters, but also for civil resistance and non-violent Napolitain many, including priests and youth workers, "scugnizzo 'and professors, doctors and firefighters," goliardia and unemployed . A few months later, on December 22, the generals Pentimalli and roof, which had abandoned the city in the hands of the Germans after 8 September, were sentenced by the High Court of Justice to 20 years in military prison, after conviction reduced to Condoni grace and measures. Even Tilena Domenico, who had governed the federation fascist town during the riots was sentenced to 6 years and 8 months.
The Eighth Army had been making quick progress from the 'toe' in the face of German delaying actions. It united its front with the Fifth Army on 16 September, and captured the airfields near Foggia, on the east coast, on 27 September. These would give the Allied air forces the ability to strike new targets in France, Germany and the Balkans. The Fifth Army captured Naples on 1 October (the first major European city to be liberated during WW II), and reached the line of the Volturno River on October 6th. This provided a natural barrier, securing Naples, the Campainian Plain and the vital airfields on it from counterattack. Meanwhile the British Eighth Army had advanced to a line from Larino to Campobasso. The whole of southern Italy was now in Allied hands, and the drive northward could begin.