Greek Forces Withdraw to Pindus to Fight Pitched Battle against Italian Invaders
The position of the Greek First Army, still fighting in Albania, was seriously jeopardized by the rapid advance of the XL Panzer Corps via Florina and by the British withdrawal to positions behind the Aliakmon.
The Greek command therefore had to come to grips with the necessity of withdrawing southward from Albania. However, it was not until 13 April that the first Greek elements began to withdraw toward the Pindus Mountains. On the next day an advance detachment of the 73d Infantry Division encountered Greek troops withdrawing from Albania across the Pindus Mountains into the area west of Kastoria. Heavy fighting took place on that and the following day, especially at Kastoria Pass, where the Germans blocked the Greek withdrawal, which by then extended to the entire Albanian front, with the Italians in hesitant pursuit.
The Battle of Pindus (Greek: Μάχη της Πίνδου) took place in the Pindus Mountains in Epirus, Greece in the autumn of 1940. The battle was fought between the Greeks and the Italians during the first stages of the Italian invasion of Greece. Even though the Italians had better weapons and machinery, the Greeks fought back and won the battle. This battle was the turning point of the Greco-Italian War. After this battle, the Greeks began pushing the Italians back into Albania.