Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés Wins the Nobel Peace Prize
The Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés was established in 1930 by the League of Nations, shortly after the death of its name patron Fridtjof Nansen in order to continue his successful work in international refugee aid.
The organization was to supply material and political support to the refugees. For refugees from Nazi Germany or from the civil war-torn Spain, the Nansen aid was not applicable, though many countries refused to accept the refugees. In spite of such problems, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the organization for its work in 1938, but due to its dissolution shortly afterwards, the prize money was received by a newly founded refugee organization of the League of Nations.
The problem of German refugees after National Socialism came to power in Germany became so acute in 1933 that the League established a High Commission for Refugees Coming from Germany. This Commission, whose mandate was later broadened to take in both Austrian and Sudetenland refugees, was scheduled to be dissolved on December 31, 1938, simultaneously with the Nansen Office.