'The Fifth Column and the First 49 Stories' is Published

And so "The Fifth Column" is autobiographical drama.

Philip Rawlings, its leading man and a Loyalist agent, justified his apparently dissolute existence as a "third-rate newspaperman" on the ground that he is really a "second-rate cop." So Hemingway justified that Rawlings's mistress calls "this absolutely utter playboy business" on the ground that he was turning it to literature. (Except for her unbelievable stupidity, Dorothy, the mistress, is an accurate portrait of fellow journalist Martha Gellhorn.)

The Fifth Column and the First Forty-nine Stories (1938) collected all of the short stories Ernest Hemingway had published up to that date and his only full-length play, The Fifth Column. Besides reprinting the stories from Three Stories and Ten Poems, In Our Time, Men Without Women, and Winner Take Nothing, the collection offered Hemingway's four most recent stories, “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber”, “The Snows of Kilimanjaro”, “The Capital of the World”, and “Old Man at the Bridge”. The first two of these stories are among Hemingway's most popular short works and are frequently anthologised.