Volvo PV 36 Carioca is First Produced
Volvo PV 36 Carioca is an automobile manufactured by Volvo between 1935 and 1938.
The word Carioca describes someone from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and was also the name of a dance that was fashionable in Sweden at the time when the car was introduced.
Visually the car was styled consciously to resemble the then strikingly modern Chrysler Airflow. Volvo styling was heavily influenced by North American auto-design trends in the 1930s and 1940s, many of the company's senior engineers having previously worked in the US Auto-industry.
The PV36 was the first Volvo to offer an independent front suspension, but the car used the same side-valve engine as the traditional Volvo cars that were still produced alongside the modern Carioca. The PV36 was an expensive car, with a price at 8,500 kronor and Volvo didn’t build more than 500 cars. The last one wasn’t sold until 1938.
Volvo PV36 Volvo also adopted the streamlined trend of the 1930s and in 1935 introduced the PV36, popularly known as the "Carioca". The car featured independent front-wheel suspension with wishbones and coil springs and a very sturdy all-steel body with rear wheel spats. The body not only looked modern, it was also very safe as was proven in some serious accidents.
Prod. years: 1935-1938
Prod. volume: 501
Body style: 6-seater saloon
Engine: In-line, 6-cylinder, side valves 3,670 cc
(224 cu in) 84.14 x 110 mm; 80 bhp at 3,300 rpm.
Transmission: 3-speed with floor lever.
Brakes: Hydraulic on all wheels.
Dimensions: Wheelbase 116 in; weight 3,860 lbs.
Misc: Silent, smooth, expensive and slightly controversial, only 500 "Cariocas" were built and sold. Max speed was 120 kph.
The PV 36 was the first aerodynamic Volvo, which was to be produced in bigger numbers after the "Venus of Bilo"-Prototype was only a one-off. Ivan Örnberg, who had been working as engineer some years for Hupmobile, brought the aerodynamic design from USA and his design of the PV 36 was even ahead of the DeSoto and Chrysler of 1934. The six-cylinder was probably a little too futuristic, because the customers did not reflect enthusiastically. Therefore only 500 cars and one Nordbergs-convertible of this type were made. The name "Carioca" was never used officially and came from a south-american dance.