Conservative Afghan Elements Deopse Amanullah Khan, Habibullah Ghazi Installed as King

By 1928, Amanullah Khan had returned from Europe and brought with him vast social and cultural changes.

This act, as well as pictures of the Queen of Afghanistan in western attire—without a headscarf—had upset the ultra-conservative Shinwari tribe and they called for the banishment of the King and the Queen from Afghanistan. A civil revolt broke out in Laghman, and Ghazi used his troops to quell the unrest. With a change of plans, Ghazi decided to resist the government officials in the north and, thus, a $10,000 bounty was placed on him.

With Amanullah's army engulfed in severe battle in Laghman and Jalalabad, Ghazi began to attack Kabul from the north. The revolt caught steam and by then the country was in full revolt. Kabul was surrounded by the Tribes in the south and Ghazi's fellows to the north. In the middle of the night, Amanullah handed over his kingdom to his brother Enayatullah Khan and escaped from Kabul towards Kandahar.

In January 1929, with the King gone, Ghazi wrote a letter to King Enayatullah to either surrender or prepare to fight. Enayatullah's response was that he had never sought nor wished to be king and agreed to abdicate and proclaim Ghazi king.