Fritz Bruening Performs the First Sympathectomy Operation for Hypertension

The vasoconstrictor and cardioaccelerator properties of the sympathetic nervous system had long been known, but it was Kraus who urged the surgeon Fritz Bruening to perform the first sympathectomy operation for hypertension in 1923.

More extensive operations were developed by American surgeons in subsequent years,including Peet , Smithwick and others.

Kraus urged the surgeon Fritz Bruening to perform the first sympathectomy operation for hypertension in 1923; more extensive operations were developed by Peet in 1947, Smithwick in 1953 and others.