Eunice Mary Kennedy is Born

She was the fifth of the Kennedy children and the third daughter.

The tragedies that repeatedly struck the family began in her earliest years. Her oldest brother, Joseph, was killed in the second world war; her elder sister, Rosemary, had learning difficulties and underwent the appalling experience of a prefrontal lobotomy that ruined the rest of her long life; another sister, Kathleen, died in a plane crash in 1948. Later, of course, two brothers, John and Robert, were assassinated, and the third, Edward, was involved in the car accident at Chappaquiddick island, off Massachusetts, which resulted in the drowning of a young woman.

Shriver was born in Brookline, Mass., the fifth of nine children to Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. She earned a sociology degree from Stanford University in 1943 after graduating from a British boarding school while her father served as ambassador to England.

She was a social worker at a women's prison in Alderson, W.Va., and worked with the juvenile court in Chicago in the 1950s before taking over the Joseph P. Kennedy Foundation with the goal of improving the treatment of the mentally disabled. The foundation was named for her oldest brother, Joseph Jr., who was killed in World War II.