Joseph Stalin Marries Nadezhda Alliluyeva
Stalin's wife, who was one of Lenin's secretaries after the revolution, married him when she was 17 and he was 40.
As a schoolgirl she looked up to him as a determined and devoted revolutionist. She herself, Svetlana was told by her nurse, her mother's friends, and others, believed in "the new ideals of man ... with the full fervor of revolutionary idealism, and there were people all around her whose conduct seemed to bear out her faith." But in the course of time she "suffered the most terrible, devastating disillusionment" in Stalin, though not in her ideals.
His second attempt at the age of forty, when he married seventeen-year-old Nadezhda Allilueva in 1919, can be interpreted as a psychological imperative to mediate the contradictions of his multiple identities: proletarian, Georgian, Russian. She was the daughter of a veteran Marxist railroad worker who, though Russian, found work and a second home in the Caucasus. Later, during Stalin's years of exile, the Alliluev family was a source of constant support and refuge. Nadezhda's mother, who was part Georgian and spoke Russian with a strong accent, ran a Caucasian household. In 1917, Stalin lived from time to time in their apartment and appeared to regain some of the high spirits of his youth.33 For him, they had already become a family before he married young Nadezhda.