Congress Establishes An Act To Establish The Grand Canyon National Park

Congress passed An Act to Establish the Grand Canyon National Park in the State of Arizona.

Comprising over one million acres of northwestern Arizona, the park includes the most spectacular area of the 277-mile canyon cut by the Colorado River. For a vivid description of the Grand Canyon, read famed essayist Charles Dudley Warner's account of his trip west in 1890. Warner's report is one chapter of his book Our Italy, found in California as I Saw It: First-Person Narratives, 1849-1900.

U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Grand Canyon in 1903. An avid outdoorsman and staunch conservationist, he established the Grand Canyon Game Preserve on November 28, 1906. Livestock grazing was reduced, but predators such as mountain lions, eagles, and wolves, were eradicated. Roosevelt added adjacent national forest lands and redesignated the preserve a U.S. National Monument on January 11, 1908. Opponents such as land and mining claim holders blocked efforts to reclassify the monument as a U.S. National Park for 11 years. Grand Canyon National Park was finally established as the 17th U.S. National Park by an Act of Congress signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on February 26, 1919.