"La Prensa Grafica" Is Founded
La Prensa Gráfica commonly known as La Prensa is a daily newspaper published in El Salvador by Grupo Dutriz.
La Prensa is a mainstream metropolitan newspaper, and became one of the first newspapers to print in color in Central America.
Brothers Antonio Dutriz and José Dutriz formed a commencial partnership known as Dutríz Hermanos on October 14, 1903. La Prensa was then founded by José and Antonio Dutriz, and its first issue was printed and distributed on May 10, 1915. The first issue had four standard size pages. The newspaper expanded and bought new equipment in 1916.
Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (October 21, 1882, San Matías, La Libertad – May 15, 1966, Hacienda Jamastrán, Honduras) was the President of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944. Serving as President Arturo Araujo's Minister of Defense, he seized power during a palace coup, capitalizing on political unrest brought on by the collapse of coffee prices.
An admirer of fascism, Hernández Martínez led a military government that actively suppressed opposition, most notably the Salvadoran peasant revolt of 1932 led by Farabundo Martí, where thousands of indigenous people were murdered if they were suspected of collaboration with the communists. This massacre came to be known as La Matanza. Estimates on the number of victims range from 10,000 to 40,000. He also created a racial law to keep blacks out of the country.