Museu Paulista Is Established

The Museu Paulista of the University of São Paulo (commonly known by Brazilians as Museu do Ipiranga) is a Brazilian history museum located near where Emperor D. Pedro I proclaimed the Brazilian independence on the banks of Ipiranga River in the city of São Paulo. It contains a huge collection of furniture, documents and historically relevant artwork, especially relating to the Brazilian Empire era.

The most famous work of art in the collection is the 1888 painting Independência ou Morte (Independence or Death) by Pedro Américo.

A few months after the Brazilian Declaration of Independence, people started to suggest a monument on the site where the declaration took place, although they were not sure of what kind of monument would be the best suited. In 1884 the project was accepted by the Italian architect Tommaso Gaudenzio Bezzi, who chose a monumental building with eclectic style.

The University of São Paulo (Portuguese: Universidade de São Paulo or USP) is one of the three public universities funded by the State of São Paulo.

USP is one of the largest institutions of higher education in Brazil and Latin America, with approximately 75,000 enrolled students. It has eleven campuses, four of them in the City of São Paulo (the main campus is called Campus Armando de Salles Oliveira, with an area of 7,443,770 m²). There are campuses in the cities of Bauru, Lorena, Piracicaba, Pirassununga, Ribeirão Preto and two in São Carlos. USP is involved in teaching, research and university extension in all areas of knowledge.

The Times Higher Education 2008 World University Rankings ranks USP as the 196th top university in the world, with a top ranking in Latin America only second to UNAM in Mexico. According to the 2008 Academic Ranking of World Universities, published by the Shanghai Jiaotong University, USP is placed in the group of the 101-151 top world universities.