Rashid Rida is born

Muhammad Rashid Rida (September 23, 1865, Syria - August 22, 1935, Egypt) is said to have been "one of the most influential scholars and jurists of his generation" and the "most prominent disciple of Muhammad Abduh"

Rida was born near Tripoli in what is now Syria and was then part of the Ottoman Empire. His early education consisted of training in "traditional Islamic subjects". In 1884-5 he was first exposed to al-`Urwa al-wuthqa, the journal of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad Abduh. In 1897 he left Syria for Cairo to collaborate with Abduh and the following year they launched al-Manar, a weekly and then monthly journal comprising Quranic commentary at which Rida worked until his death in 1935.

Like his predecessors, Rida focused on the relative weakness of Muslim societies vis-à-vis Western colonialism, blaming Sufi excesses, the blind imitation of the past (taqlid), the stagnation of the ulama, and the resulting failure to achieve progress in science and technology. He held that these flaws could be alleviated by a return to what he saw as the true principles of Islam - salafiyya Islam which was purged of impurities and Western influences — albeit interpreted (ijtihad) to suit modern realities. This alone could he believed save Muslims from subordination to the colonial powers.

Muhammad Rida or Rashid Rida or Rasheed Rida (September 23, 1865, August 22, 1935) was an Islamic reformer, the most important disciple of Muhammad Abduh and of Jamal_al-Din Al-Afghani, an early radical Islamist, and the inspiration for Hassan al-Banna and Sayyid Qutb, founder and leader, respectively, of the Muslim Brotherhood.