McIntosh And Other Chiefs Sign The Treaty Of Indian Springs
Eventually, the Creek Confederacy enacted a law that made further land cessions a capital offense.
Nevertheless, on February 12, 1825, McIntosh and other chiefs signed the Treaty of Indian Springs, which gave up most of the remaining Creek lands in Georgia. After the U.S. Senate ratified the treaty, McIntosh was assassinated on May 13, 1825, by Creeks led by Menawa.
There are two Treaties of Indian Springs with the Creek Indians. The first treaty was signed January 8, 1821. In it, the Creeks ceded land to the state of Georgia in return for cash payments totaling $200,000 over a period of 14 years. Further, the state of Georgia would receive payment from the Federal Government, to satisfy claims of citizens of Georgia against the Creeks for seizure or destruction of property prior to the 1802 act of Congress which regulated intercourse with Indian tribes. The second treaty was signed February 12, 1825 and ratified March 7, 1825. Under this treaty the Creeks in Georgia, with the exception of the Tukabatchee, would be relocated west of the Mississippi River to an equivalent parcel of land along the Arkansas River. In compensation for the move to unimproved land, for the inconvenience of the move and to obtain supplies, the Creek nation would receive $400,000 paid in decreasing installments over a period of years. This second treaty was nullified the following year by the Treaty of Washington (1826).
This second treaty started a Tale of Lost Treasure, as treasure hunters have spent time looking for the $400,000.00 in gold coins that it was believed Chief McIntosh took from the Treaty signing location, as stated in "Georgia's Fabulous Treasure Tales", by Ernest M. Andrews.