Landing At Kip's Bay
The Landing at Kip's Bay was a British maneuver during the New York Campaign in the American Revolutionary War on September 15, 1776, occurring on the eastern shore of present-day Manhattan.
The battle was a decisive British victory, and resulted in the withdrawal of American militia to Harlem Heights.
The bulk of the American forces prepared to fight near the then-small village of Harlem at the northern end of York Island. Protected by small earthworks, the American line at Kip's Bay was about 500 Connecticut militia troops under the command of Colonel William Douglas. Many of the American troops were inexperienced and had no muskets, but carried homemade pikes made from poles with attached scythe blades. After having been awake all night, and having had little or nothing to eat in the previous twenty-four hours, the Americans awoke to five British warships in the East River near Kip's Bay, at the present line of 33rd Street. Admiral Richard Howe of the British forces sent a noisy demonstration of Royal Navy ships up the Hudson River early on the morning of September 15, but Washington and his aides determined that it was a diversion and maintained their forces at the north end of the island. As the American troops at Kip's Bay lay in the ditches, the British ships, anchored 200 yards offshore, lay quiet. The day was oppressively hot. At about ten o'clock, across the river at Newtown Cove, a first wave of more than eighty flatboats carrying 4000 British and Hessian soldiers, standing shoulder to shoulder, began crossing towards Kip's Bay.