Benjamin Franklin Organizes the Pennsylvania Militia

In 1756, Franklin organized the Pennsylvania Militia (see "Associated Regiment of Philadelphia" under heading of Pennsylvania's 103rd Artillery and 111th Infantry Regiment at Continental Army). He used Tun Tavern as a gathering place to recruit a regiment of soldiers to go into battle against the Native American uprisings that beset the American colonies. Reportedly Franklin was elected "Colonel" of the Associated Regiment but declined the honor.

Seeing a need for the citizens of Philadelphia to protect themselves and their property, Franklin published a pamphlet called "Plain Truth," in which he proposed the formation of a Philadelphia militia. After a number of public meetings and additional articles in the Gazette, an "Association" or militia was formed that eventually grew to over 10,000 volunteers from the Pennsylvania colony.