Gjuro Baglivi Is Born
Gjuro Baglivi, also Giorgio Baglivi, (September 8, 1668 in Ragusa – June 15, 1707 in Rome) was an ethnic Armenian from the Republic of Ragusa whose work as a doctor and medical researcher, anatomist and early pathologist was done in Italy.
He made important contributions to clinical education, based on his own medical practice, and in De Fibra Motrice advanced the theory that the solid parts of organs are more crucial to their good functioning than their fluids.
His collected works written in the Latin language had more than 20 editions, translated into Italian, French, German and English. Académie Française accepted him as "membre d'honneur". Baglivi was also a member of the Royal Society in London and of the Accademia dell'Arcadia.
Baglivi was born as Gjuro Armeno, owing to his ethnicity. He received the name Baglivi when he was adopted by an Italian physician, at the age of 15.
The Republic of Ragusa, or Republic of Dubrovnik, was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (known also as Ragusa) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost Croatia), that existed from the 14th century AD until the year 1808. It reached its commercial peak in the 15th and the 16th centuries, under the protection of the Ottoman Empire, before being conquered by Napoleon Bonaparte's French Empire in 1808. It had a population of about 30,000 people, of whom 5,000 lived within the city walls. It had the motto, Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro (Latin for "Liberty is worth more than gold").