What Happened in 1644

  • End of Ming Dynasty

    The collapse of the Ming Dynasty was a protracted affair, its roots beginning as early as 1600 with the emergence of the Manchu under Nurhaci.... Read more

  • Battle of Colberger Heide

    The naval Battle of Colberger Heide (or Colberg Heath) took place on 1 July 1644 during the Danish-Swedish War (part of the Thirty Years War), off... Read more

  • Battle of Freiburg

    The Battle of Freiburg, also called the Three Day Battle, took place on August 3, August 5 and August 9, 1644 as part of the Thirty Years' War. The... Read more

  • Giovanni Pamphilj (Pope Innocent X) elected Pope

    Pope Innocent X (6 May 1574 –7 January 1655), born Giovanni Battista Pamphilj (or Pamphili), was Pope from 1644 to 1655.[1] Born in Rome of a... Read more

  • Naval Battle of Fehmarn

    This took place on 13 October 1644 north-west of the island of Fehmarn, now part of Germany, in the Baltic Sea. A combined Swedish-Dutch fleet... Read more

  • William Penn Is Born

    William Penn, English reformer and founder of Pennsylvania, was born on October 14, 1644, in London, England. Persecuted in England for his Quaker... Read more

  • Battle of Jüterbog

    Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson had unexpectedly marched into Jutland in September 1643. While engaged in operations there, an Imperial army under... Read more