Indian Physician, Sushruta Samhita, Describes Diabetes Symptoms and Treatments

Sushruta described diabetes (madhumeha) as a disease characterized by passage of large amount of urine, sweet in taste, hence the name “madhumeha” — honey like urine.

He goes on to say that diabetes primarily affects obese people who are sedentary and emphasized the role of physical activity in amelioration of diabetes.

While omens, good and bad, were considered important by Hindu Physicians, Sustuta gives extensive directions concerning diagnosis. Questioning of the patient, and examining him with all five senses, was directed. Pulse was studied. Tasting of urine to determine presence of diabetes by the sweetness of the liquid was practiced by Hindu physicians a thousand years before Europeans became aware of this method.