Charles Joseph Whitman was a student at the University of Texas at Austin and a former Marine who killed 14 people and wounded 32 others (a total of 47 victims including himself) during a shooting rampage on and around the university's campus on August 1, 1966. He had earlier that morning stabbed to death his wife and mother, making the total he killed 16 and 49 victims.
Whitman killed three of his victims inside the university's tower, and 10 others from the 28th floor observation deck of the University's 307-foot (94 m) administrative building; one, Karen Griffith, died from her wounds a week after the shooting.
The tower massacre happened shortly after Whitman murdered his wife and mother at their homes. He was shot and killed by Austin Police Officer Houston McCoy, assisted by Austin Police Officer Ramiro Martinez.