Elena Kagan was born in New York City, NY on April 28, 1960 to parents Gloria Gittelman Kagan and Robert Kagan, whose own parents were Jewish immigrants. Both her parents have both passed away. Robert Kagan died in 1994 and her mother, Gloria, died in 2008.
Ms. Kagan's mother was a public school teacher (at one point she was a teacher at Hunter College) and her father was an attorney.
Ms. Kagan is the middle child of three children born to Gloria and Robert Kagan. She has one older brother and a younger brother; both are public school teachers.