The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is the main memorial and educational center for The Holocaust in the Midwestern United States. Its foundation cost was 45 million dollars, its area is about 20,000 square meters and it exhibits some hundred Holocaust related items and about 2000 video recorded testimonies of holocaust and other genocide survivors.
The Holocaust Memorial Foundation of Illinois, which runs the museum, began as small storefront operation along Main Street in 1981. The foundation and small museum were established as a response to a Neo-Nazi group's attempt to march through Skokie, in which many Holocaust survivors live.
The new museum building opened to the public on April 19, 2009, in the attendance of keynote speaker Bill Clinton and special guest Elie Wiesel. President Barack Obama spoke through a recorded video message.
Security arrangements at the museum were tightened after the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum shooting on June 10, 2009.