A parliamentary election was held in Zimbabwe on March 29, 2008 to elect members to both the House of Assembly and the Senate of the Zimbabwean parliament. The ruling Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) lost its majority in the House of Assembly for the first time since independence in 1980, as the two factions of the Movement for Democratic Change won most of the seats; a month after the election, the MDC factions merged. A presidential election was held on the same day as the parliamentary election.
Due to the deaths of three candidates during the election campaign, the elections in those three constituencies were postponed, with by-elections to be held later. One of the candidates in one of the constituencies where the election was deferred has filed a court application; he states that the by-election should have been called within two weeks of the original date. It was announced later that the by-elections would be held together with the second round of the presidential election on 27 June 2008.