Nelson Mandela divorces Winnie Madikizela
In 1992 Nelson Mandela tired of his wife's political and personal excesses and announced that he and Winnie were to separate.
They eventually divorced in 1996 on the grounds of her adultery.
Mrs Mandela, or Mrs Madikizela-Mandela as she became known after her divorce, was now extremely unwelcome at the top table of the now-governing African National Congress. She retained, however, a huge following among the rank and file by appealing to the radicals and to those who felt that progress towards equality was still too slow.
For example, in 1993 she was suspended from the ANC Women's League for disloyalty but bounced back by winning election as its president - the following year 11 members of the ANCWL resigned in protest at her dictatorial behaviour.
Mandela's second wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, also came from the Transkei area, although they, too, met in Johannesburg, where she was the city's first black social worker. They had two daughters, Zenani (Zeni), born 4 February 1958, and Zindziswa (Zindzi) Mandela-Hlongwane, born 1960. Zindzi was only 18 months old when her father was sent to Robben island. Later, Winnie would be deeply torn by family discord which mirrored the country's political strife; while her husband was serving a life sentence on the Robben Island prison, her father became the agriculture minister in the Transkei. The marriage ended in separation (April 1992) and divorce (March 1996), fuelled by political estrangement.
Mandela still languished in prison when his daughter Zenani was married to Prince Thumbumuzi Dlamini in 1973, elder brother of King Mswati III of Swaziland. Although she had vivid memories of her father, from the age of four up until sixteen, South African authorities did not permit her to visit him. The Dlamini couple live and run a business in Boston. One of their sons, Prince Cedza Dlamini (born 1976), educated in the United States, has followed in his grandfather's footsteps as an international advocate for human rights and humanitarian aid.
Zindzi Mandela-Hlongwane made history worldwide when she read out Mandela's speech refusing his conditional pardon in 1985. She is a businesswoman in South Africa with three children, the eldest of whom is a son, Zondwa Gadaffi Mandela
Winnie Mandela's attempt to obtain a settlement of as much as $5 million, half of what she claimed her ex-husband South African President Nelson Mandela is worth, recently was dismissed when she failed to show up in court for a financial settlement hearing.
Mandela, 77, was granted a divorce on the grounds that his wife had been unfaithful.
Mandela asked for a divorce last year hoping for a quiet, amicable settlement but Mrs. Mandela, 61, refused which forced the divorce proceedings.
He is prepared to negotiate a courtesy payment--an unspecified out-of-court settlement--to his former wife whose reported extravagant lifestyle has placed her heavily in debt. "I have instructed my legal representatives to negotiate an ex gratia payment to her, and a waiver of the costs granted by the court in my favor," Mandela said in a statement. He added "I am glad that the case is over and regret that my ex-wife cannot bring herself to negotiate an amicable settlement."