Vukovar, once a quiet provincial town noted for its baroque architecture on the right bank of the Danube, close to the border with Serbia, became known as Croatia's Stalingrad.
The Battle for Vukovar was a brutal 87-day siege and bombardment by the Serb forces of the Yugoslav People's Army and militia in November 1991.
It led to the virtual destruction of the town and the “ethnic cleansing” of the Croat population. About 2,000 soldiers and countless civilians were killed in the conflict.
Croatia regained control of the town only in 1998.