The Volvo 440 and 460 are versions of a family car produced by the Swedish automaker Volvo Cars. They were built at the DAF factory in The Netherlands, and released in Europe in 1987 and 1989 respectively.
The 440 was a 5-door front wheel drive hatchback and the 460 a sedan. They shared many components with the already-successful Volvo 480, including floorpan, front and rear suspension, engines, transmission and braking systems.
Safety has always been an issue of primary importance to Volvo, who have developed many features since adopted widely throughout the car industry. Crumple zones were incorporated into the design of 400 series cars, aided by a 'collapsible' steering column to help prevent driver injury in the event of an accident. Other nods to Volvo's safety-obsessed heritage included a high-level brake-light; a 'bulb blown' warning system; 'door open' warning light; adjustable seatbelts with pretensioners and a seatbelt reminder/warning light: all of which all came as standard on all models throughout the range.
Safety was further improved on models from 1993 onward with the introduction of side-impact protection. This was virtually unheard of at the time, and was provided (again as standard) by the forerunner of the SIPS system used on all modern Volvo cars. The SRS (Supplemental Restraint System) system, which includes airbag, further uprated side impact protection and various hooks, straps and pulleys to secure items in the boot, also became available for the first time from 1994.
'Always-on' head- and tail-lights, which automatically switch themselves onto 'daylight running lamp' mode when the ignition is engaged, make it impossible to drive the car without at least the side-lights being lit. This idea, once considered quirky, has been looked upon more favourably of late. Laws requiring every car sold in the UK from 2010 to have 'always-on' lights were recently passed by the British parliament.
The original advertising campaign for the 400 ran...