American Airlines Flight 1 was a domestic, scheduled passenger flight from Idlewild Airport, New York to Los Angeles, California that crashed shortly after take-off on 1 March 1962. All 87 passengers and eight crew died in the crash. At the time, it was the deadliest accident in the United States. A Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) investigation determined that a manufacturing defect in the automatic pilot system led to an uncommanded rudder control system input, causing the accident.
A number of notable people lost their lives in the crash, including oilman W. Alton Jones; Admiral Richard Lansing Conolly, president of Long Island University, Emelyn Whiton 1952 Olympic Gold medalist; and Arnold Kirkeby, realtor. At the time, Flight 1 was the deadliest aviation accident to occur on US soil. It was the sixth fatal Boeing 707 crash, and, at the time, the deadliest.